The Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES) is the French national space agency founded in 1961. Headquartered in Paris, CNES shapes and implements France’s space policy, collaborating with international partners such as the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA. The agency’s main focus areas include satellite development, launch vehicle operations, and space missions. CNES is involved in Earth observation, telecommunications, meteorology, scientific research, and space exploration. Notable projects include the Ariane launch vehicles, SPOT Earth observation satellites, and the Mars mission ExoMars.
As an ESA member, CNES actively contributes to European space programs. The agency nurtures partnerships with industry, academia, and research institutions to foster innovation and enhance France’s space capabilities. CNES coordinates national space activities, manages research programs, and oversees the utilization of space assets for scientific, economic, and societal benefits. It plays a vital role in developing the French space industry, supporting its growth and competitiveness. Overall, CNES is a key player in France’s space endeavors, advancing space science, technology, and exploration while promoting national interests and international collaboration in the space sector.